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Indian Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Indian Army. The President of India serves as the Supreme Commander of the Indian Army. Two officers have been conferred the rank of Field marshal, a five- star rank, which is a ceremonial position of great honour. The Indian Army originated from the armies of the East India Company, which eventually became the British Indian Army, and the armies of the princely states, which finally became the national army after independence.
The units and regiments of the Indian Army have diverse histories and have participated in a number of battles and campaigns across the world, earning a large number of battle and theatre honours before and after Independence. It conducts humanitarian rescue operations during natural calamities and other disturbances, like Operation Surya Hope, and can also be requisitioned by the government to cope with internal threats. It is a major component of national power alongside the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force. Other major operations undertaken by the army include Operation Vijay, Operation Meghdoot and Operation Cactus.
Apart from conflicts, the army has conducted large peace time exercises like Operation Brasstacks and Exercise Shoorveer, and it has also been an active participant in numerous United Nations peacekeeping missions including the ones in Cyprus, Lebanon, Congo, Angola, Cambodia, Vietnam, Namibia, El Salvador, Liberia, Mozambique and Somalia. The Indian Army has a regimental system, but is operationally and geographically divided into seven commands, with the basic field formation being a division. It is an all- volunteer force and comprises more than 8.
It is the 2nd largest standing army in the world, with 1,3. Hazara) Mountain Battery with RML7 pounder . Left to right Naick, Havaldar, Subadar (Sikhs) and Gunner (Punjabi Musalman) circa 1. A Military Department was created within the Government of the East India Company at Kolkata in the year 1. Its main function was to sift and record orders relating to the Army that were issued by various Departments of the East India Company for the territories under its control. The army in the Presidencies of Bengal, Bombay & Madras functioned as respective Presidency Army until April 1. Presidency Armies were unified into a single Indian Army on 1 April.
Besides maintaining the internal security of the British Raj, the Army fought in many other theatres . Holding a captured swastika after the surrender of German forces in Italy, May 1. Behind him, a fascist inscriptions says . Mussolini). In the 2. Indian Army was a crucial adjunct to the British forces in both the World Wars.
Indian soldiers served in World War I (1. After the United Kingdom made promises of self- governance to the Indian National Congress in return for its support. Britain reneged on its promises after the war, following which the Indian Independence movement gained strength. The . Indian officers given a King's commission after passing out were posted to one of the eight units selected for Indianisation.
Political pressure being applied due to the slow pace of Indianisation, with just 6. Indian Military Academy in 1. Indian origin being commissioned. In 1. 93. 9, British officials had no plan for expansion and training of Indian forces, which comprised about 1. British units in India in 1. Their mission was internal security and defence against a possible Soviet threat through Afghanistan. As the war progressed, the size and role of the Indian Army expanded dramatically, and troops were sent to battle fronts as soon as possible.
The most serious problem was lack of equipment. Even larger numbers operated in the Middle East. Some 8. 7,0. 00 Indian soldiers died in the war. Bios Software Toshiba on this page. By the end of the war it had become the largest volunteer army in history, rising to over 2.
August 1. 94. 5. These men, along with Indian students who were in Germany when the war broke out, made up what was called the Free India Legion. They were originally intended as pathfinders for German forces in Asia but they soon were sent to help guard the Atlantic Wall. Few who were part of the Free India Legion ever saw any combat and very few were ever stationed outside of Europe. At its height the Free India Legion had over 3,0.
With the fall of Singapore in 1. Indian soldiers were captured. They were given a choice and over 3. Indian National Army. Those who refused became POWs and were mostly shipped to New Guinea. Similar organisations were also made in Germany and Japan.