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Christmas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Christmas. Christmas Day. Also called. No. Stephen's Day, Boxing Day. Christmas or Christmas Day (Old English: Cr. In several countries, celebrating Christmas Eve on December 2. December 2. 5, with gift- giving and sharing a traditional meal with the family.

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While the month and date of Jesus' birth are unknown, by the early- to- mid 4th century, the Western Christian Church had placed Christmas on December 2. However, some Eastern churches celebrate Christmas on the December 2. Julian calendar, which currently corresponds to January 7 in the Gregorian calendar, the day after the Western Christian Church celebrates the Epiphany.

This is not a disagreement over the date of Christmas as such, but rather a disagreement over which calendar should be used to determine the day that is December 2. The date of Christmas may have initially been chosen to correspond with the day exactly nine months after the day on which early Christians believed that Jesus was conceived.

In addition, several closely related and often interchangeable figures, known as Santa Claus, Father Christmas, Saint Nicholas, and Christkind, are associated with bringing gifts to children during the Christmas season and have their own body of traditions and lore. The economic impact of Christmas is a factor that has grown steadily over the past few centuries in many regions of the world. Etymology. It is derived from the Middle English. Cristemasse, which is from Old English. Cr. The form Christenmas was also historically used, but is now considered archaic and dialectal. The Anglo- Saxons referred to the feast as . In the Gospel of Luke account, Joseph and Mary travel from Nazareth to Bethlehem for the census, and Jesus is born there and laid in a manger.

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In the Matthew account, astronomers follow a star to Bethlehem to bring gifts to Jesus, born the king of the Jews. King Herod orders the massacre of all the boys less than two years old in Bethlehem, but the family flees to Egypt and later settles in Nazareth. Modern scholars such as E. Sanders, Geza Vermes and Marcus Borg consider both narratives non- historical, arguing that there are contradictions between them. Although the dating as December 2. Christmas as a festival includes elements of the Roman feast of the Saturnalia and the birthday of Mithra as described in the Roman cult of Mithraism. This was in Rome, while in Eastern Christianity the birth of Jesus was already celebrated in connection with the Epiphany on January 6.

These elements, including the Yule log from Yule and gift giving from Saturnalia. The prevailing atmosphere of Christmas has also continually evolved since the holiday's inception, ranging from a sometimes raucous, drunken, carnival- like state in the Middle Ages. Reasons included the fact that less agricultural work needed to be done during the winter, as well as an expectation of better weather as spring approached. Horus was often depicted being fed by his mother, which also influenced the symbolism of the Virgin Mary with baby Christ. Pagan Scandinavia celebrated a winter festival called Yule, held in the late December to early January period. After the Christianisation of Scandinavia the celebration was allowed as long as it was in the name of Christ instead.

In eastern Europe also, old pagan traditions were incorporated into Christmas celebrations, an example being the Koleda. The scribe who added it wrote: . In these solemnities and revelries the Christians also took part. Accordingly when the doctors of the Church perceived that the Christians had a leaning to this festival, they took counsel and resolved that the true Nativity should be solemnised on that day.

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March 2. 5 as the day of creation and of the conception of Jesus. One translation reads: .

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For this reason Malachi the prophet, speaking about him to the people, fittingly said, 'Unto you shall the sun of righteousness arise, and healing is in his wings.'. Who indeed is so unconquered as Our Lord..? Or, if they say that it is the birthday of the Sun, He is the Sun of Justice. Birthday of the Invincible Sun' on December 2.

Rome ironically did not celebrate the winter solstice nor any of the other quarter- tense days, as one might expect. The feast was introduced to Constantinople in 3. Antioch in about 3. The feast disappeared after Gregory of Nazianzus resigned as bishop in 3. John Chrysostom in about 4.

But the medieval calendar was dominated by Christmas- related holidays. Most Popular Classical Music Mp3. The forty days before Christmas became the . Martin of Tours), now known as Advent. King Edmund the Martyr was anointed on Christmas in 8. King William I of England was crowned on Christmas Day 1. King Richard II of England hosted a Christmas feast in 1. Caroling also became popular, and was originally a group of dancers who sang.

The group was composed of a lead singer and a ring of dancers that provided the chorus.